You are in your second trimester and can now feel your baby inside you. Your baby is growing faster and can even hear your voice and your heartbeat. As you move ahead in your journey, you may be keen to know how your baby is developing inside you. To learn what is happening inside your body and how your baby is developing, read on.
Pregnancy Week 15
The 15th week of pregnancy is an exciting time for you. Your nausea is down, energy levels are up, and you’ve also begun to share the news with your family and friends. Your appetite is back, and you are steadily gaining weight. Make sure that you consume food rich in proteins, vitamins, minerals, and folic acid. These nutrients are essential for you and the growth and development of your baby.
1. Surge in energy
By the 15th week of pregnancy, many women feel a surge of energy. Make the most of this energy. Start an exercise routine, go out with your friends, and start planning your baby’s room.
Now that your nausea is gone, you may be feeling a lot hungrier. However, this comes with another problem – heartburn. You can avoid heartburn by eating several small meals instead of three large ones.
The increased blood flow to the membranes in your nose and sinuses can lead to nasal congestion and nosebleeds. Avoid rooms that have central heating or air conditioning on full blast.
4. Swollen gums
Pregnancy hormones may also cause your gums to become red, swollen, or sore. They may even bleed when your brush or floss your teeth. More than 90 % of women suffer from swollen gums when they are pregnant. Take special care of your teeth and gums and visit your dentist regularly.
5. Shortness of breath
As your pregnancy progresses, you may feel breathless even with a minimum amount of physical exertion. Pregnancy hormones swell the capillaries in the respiratory tract and relax the muscles of the bronchial tubes and lungs, which causes shortness of breath. Stand up straight. A good posture gives the lungs more space to do their job.
6. Increased sex drive
Now that your energy levels have improved, you may be feeling more energetic in the bedroom as well.
You may notice mild swelling in your feet, ankles, hands, and fingers. Swelling is caused by the increased blood circulating through your body and the pressure of the growing uterus on the pelvic veins.
8. Pregnancy brain
As your pregnancy progresses, you may do things that you usually do not do. You may become more forgetful. You can blame the lack of sleep and pregnancy hormones for your forgetfulness.
9. Itchy skin
As your belly grows, it stretches the skin and makes it itchy. Do not worry, keep your skin moisturized with an unscented moisturizer.
10. Occasional headaches
Pregnancy hormones, fatigue, or even stress can cause headaches during pregnancy. Sit back, relax, and place a cold compress on your head to ease your problem.
11. Round ligament pain
As your uterus grows, the muscles and ligaments supporting it also stretch, which may cause pain in the lower side of your belly. To prevent this pain, avoid making sudden movements.
Your body at week 15 of pregnancy
By the 15th week of your pregnancy, your body has already made some significant changes to nurture your growing baby. Now your body is changing to make room for your growing baby inside. During this week, your lung capacity will increase so that your body can provide enough oxygen to your baby. Your rib cage may also enlarge by two to three inches to make room for the increased size of your lungs. Your belly, breasts, and nipples are also getting larger. It is time to buy some maternity clothes.
As your body changes, you may also suffer from mood swings. You may feel anxiety about the future or elated about what is to come.
Your baby at week 15 of pregnancy
Your baby is growing quickly, and by the end of the fifteenth week of your pregnancy, he will be 4.75 inches long and weigh almost two ounces. With each passing week, your baby’s proportions are becoming more regular, and he is also looking like the baby you picture in your dreams.
- Your baby’s skin is developing but is still very thin.
- Your baby’s ears have reached their permanent position on the side of the head.
- Your baby’s hearing is developing, and he may be able to hear your voice or the sound of your heartbeat.
- He may also be able to sense bright light outside your tummy.
- Your baby’s body is covered with fine hair called lanugo.
- He may start to get hiccups now and then.
- Your baby may get hair on his scalp and eyebrows.
- Your baby’s skeletal system and muscles develop further.
- Your baby’s mouth development continues, and he may even be sucking his thumb now.
Tips to follow when 15 weeks pregnant
You have already made some changes to improve your diet in the earlier weeks. You must continue with that diet. Don’t skip breakfast. Eat healthy snacks like bananas and oranges as they are rich in potassium and other nutrients. Hard-boiled eggs and stick cheese are good protein sources.
2. Have calcium-rich food
Your baby’s bones are beginning to ossify, and calcium is more important than ever. Increase your dietary intake of calcium. You can also take a prenatal supplement to increase your calcium intake.
3. Maintain a steady weight gain
Steady weight gain is essential during the second and third trimesters. If you gain too much weight during pregnancy, you can increase your risk of health problems. It can increase your risk of postpartum weight retention and blood clots in the postpartum period.
It is vital to take care of your teeth during pregnancy. Women who develop gingivitis have a higher risk of complications, including preterm birth.
5. Stay active
Staying active and exercising during pregnancy helps to boost your health and that of your baby. Walking, swimming, yoga, and pilates are some great options for you.
Your week 15 of pregnancy doctor’s visit
Amniocentesis is an elective test that can be done between weeks 15 to 20 of pregnancy. If you have chosen to get amniocentesis done, this is the first week that it can be done. This test helps to diagnose neural tube defects, chromosomal abnormalities, and genetic disorders. This test is considered safe overall, but it is an invasive test and can pose some risks. You must ask your doctor whether you should have this test or not. The doctor may suggest this test if you have an abnormal triple or quad test or if your baby has a higher risk of genetic abnormalities.
During amniocentesis, the doctor will use the ultrasound to see inside your belly and guide a hollow needle into the amniotic sac to gather a sample of fluid to be tested.
Tips for the partner
Your partner has had to make many lifestyle changes since she found out she was pregnant. You can help out by making these changes too. If you smoke, now is the perfect time to quit. Second-hand smoke is considered a risk factor for children. Reduce the amount of alcohol you drink. Join your partner in eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
You are in your second trimester, and your baby bump has become much bigger. Your baby can now hear your heartbeat and respond to bright light. You may feel a surge in energy levels now. Heartburn, nose bleed, swollen gums, itchy skin, and round ligament pain are some of the symptoms that you may be feeling around this time. Continue to eat healthy, nutritious meals, and exercise to stay fit.