You have reached the final week of your second trimester. It is an important milestone. You have been pregnant for more than six months now, and your body has gone through many changes. Many women also describe this experience as an emotional roller coaster. You may be euphoric one moment and feel like crying the other. Soon, you will begin the final phase of this journey and will get to hold your precious little one in your arms. Read on to learn more about both you and your baby at 27 weeks pregnant.
Pregnancy week 27
At 27 weeks pregnant, you may be feeling Braxton Hicks contractions frequently now. Your baby is getting bigger and is the size of cauliflower now. Your baby’s movements are getting more robust, and your partner may also be able to feel them.
Pregnancy hormones relax the intestinal muscles. Your expanding uterus also puts pressure on the intestines, which results in constipation. To prevent constipation, drink lots of fluids, eats high fiber food, and exercise regularly.
2. Food cravings
Food cravings are the sudden urge to eat a particular kind of food. It is common during pregnancy to crave odd combinations of food. You may be craving spicy, sour, salty, or sweet foods during this time. While you may indulge in your cravings occasionally, it is essential to make healthy food choices around this time.
Rising hormones during pregnancy can cause blood vessels to widen and relax and increase blood flow to the baby, and this may lead to dizziness. Low blood sugar levels can also cause dizziness. Lie down as soon as you feel dizzy. Elevate your feet to increase blood flow to the brain.
4. Restless leg syndrome
Many expectant mothers feel a dull ache or a tingling in their legs, especially at night. Some women describe it as a creepy-crawly sensation in their legs and an irresistible urge to move them. This sensation in the legs is known as the restless leg syndrome. RLS is linked to iron-deficiency, so eating food rich in iron can help. Yoga and other relaxation techniques can also help.
5. Mood swings
Mood swings during pregnancy are normal, and you should just give yourself some self-care when they strike. Share your feelings with your partner, friends, and family. Eat well and take plenty of rest as you tend to be more upset when you are tired.
6. Stuffy nose
You may also have to deal with annoying stuffiness in your nose, which may sometimes lead to nosebleeds. High levels of pregnancy hormones and increased blood flow to the mucous membranes can cause a stuffy nose. Saline nasal sprays and nasal strips are safe for your baby.
7. High blood pressure
A mild increase in blood pressure is normal during the second trimester. However, your doctor will keep a check on your blood pressure to monitor if you are developing preeclampsia.
8. Round ligament pain
You may feel pain in your groin area or the lower belly. As your pregnancy progresses, the round ligaments stretch, and this causes pain. Change your position and try gentle stretches to relieve this pain.
Your body at week 27 of pregnancy
Your belly is getting bigger and is almost the size of a basketball. As your skin stretches along with your growing belly, you may develop stretch marks. Moisturize your skin to keep it hydrated and less resistant to tears. You may notice swelling in your hand, feet, and ankles around this time. You may also have trouble fitting into your shoes. Though mild swelling is normal during pregnancy, it can also be a sign of preeclampsia when it is accompanied by protein in the urine and high blood pressure (1).
Your belly button is fully out at this point, and you may also have a dark vertical line between your belly button and the pubic area. This line will fade away a few months after your baby is born.
Your baby at week 27 of pregnancy
By the end of this week of your pregnancy, your baby will weigh 2 ¼ pounds and will be 13.75 inches long. Your baby’s brain is forming new connections, and he can now differentiate your voice from the others.
- Your baby’s eyelids can open now. He can now see the light and shadows around him.
- Your baby’s taste buds are well developed now. When you eat spicy food, your baby will be able to taste the difference in the amniotic fluid. He may even hiccup in response.
- Your baby’s heartbeat is growing stronger. If your partner puts his ear to your bump, he might be able to hear it now.
- Your baby has now started to practice breathing movements.
- Your baby now has 15% fat on his body. By the time he is born, he will have close to 30% fat on his body.
Tips to follow when you are 27 weeks pregnant
Your body is going through many changes, and both you and your baby need nutritious food to stay healthy and strong. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables and avoid eating processed foods.
2. Book a hospital visit
Have you decided where you want to give birth? If you haven’t, it is time to book a hospital visit and have a look around. You can ask questions and know where everything is. This process will give you confidence during your delivery.
3. Do kegel exercises
Kegel exercises strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. Having strong pelvic floor muscles is beneficial during labor, they also help to prevent urinary incontinence later.
4. Sign up for childbirth classes
Childbirth classes teach you about what to expect during delivery. You will learn what labor feels like, how long it can last, and how to handle the pain. You will practice breathing techniques, relaxation, and other techniques for coping with contractions during these classes.
5. Stay active
Women who exercise during pregnancy stay fit and also benefit their baby. Walking, swimming and yoga are some of the best exercises during pregnancy.
6. Choose a car seat
You cannot drive home from the hospital unless you have a car seat. It is now time to shop for the perfect car seat. All babies should ride in a car seat that is rear-facing until they are two years old.
6. Keep track of your baby’s movements
Keep a record of your baby’s movements. If you notice any decrease in movements, tell your doctor immediately.
Your pregnancy 27 week doctor’s visit
During the second trimester, you will visit your doctor once in four weeks unless you have a complication that requires frequent checkups. During the visit, your doctor will check your weight and blood pressure and your baby’s heartbeat and movements. He may also ask you to track your baby’s movements.
According to the CDC, all pregnant women should get the whooping cough vaccine Tdap between 27 to 36 weeks of pregnancy. Babies cannot get the Tdap vaccine until two months, so pregnant women must get vaccinated so that they can pass on the antibodies to their babies (2). The vaccine is safe for the mother and the baby but may have a few mild side effects like pain and redness at the injection site, headache, and tiredness.
Tips for the partner
Your partner may be tired or uncomfortable. It is time to help her with household chores. Give her a gentle massage if her aches and pain are troubling her too much. Your baby can hear you now. So talk to him and bond with him.
At 27 weeks pregnant, your baby’s taste buds are well developed now. When you eat something spicy, he can taste it in the amniotic fluid and hiccup in response. You may be feeling constipated, dizzy, and may also be having mood swings. Decide where you want to give birth and book a hospital visit. Do kegel exercises and stay fit.