Resume vs CV – 4 Differences between Resume and CV

Resume vs CV – Do you know that there is an immense difference between CV and resume? This remains quite a subjective topic as the usage of CV & Resume differs from one country to another. In the US, it’s more about the resumes. Whereas, CVs are prominent in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. However, the major difference is the purpose for which you are using it.

What is a resume?

A resume is a concise document professionally shared between a candidate and an employer or recruiter. A resume provides the highlights of a person’s career in a single-page document. Sometimes, people make a two-page Resume which is mostly unadvisable throughout the world because the purpose of a resume is always specifically defined.


Job profiles like ServiceNow Developer, Sales Consultant, Business Analyst, are all related to specific fields of business. This brings me to the next question:

What is the usage of Resume?

So far, you know that a resume is shared between an employer and employee. To understand the usage of a resume. We must get into the shoes of each:


An employer or recruiter’s work is to shortlist the best possible candidates for the open profile. For which, they have to follow a process so that they can make the recruitment process smooth and less chaotic.

However, you’ll be shocked to know that the success rate of an interview is only 27%. Meaning, only 27 of the candidates selected out of 100 are the right fit for their profile. Rest 73 do not fit-in right for the jobs they get selected for!

So, you need to understand from the employer’s point of view how difficult it is to choose the right candidate. This is due to poor visibility of the skillsets of a person. An interviewer would have a few questions for which he’s looking for answers from the candidate.

Sometimes, the candidate may seem like the perfect candidate seeing the skills on the resume, but he may not know answers to basic questions, or vice versa.

Therefore, a good, targeted, concise, and the most relevant resume stands out in the recruitment process.

Now let’s see from your candidature point of view:


If you’re the applicant, you must understand the above difficulty and capitalise your resume to get brownie points in the recruitment process. A good resume always means higher chances of your selection.

Now, the information you put in your resume has to be in resonance with the job profile and the company/recruiter.

A Sales Manager taking your interview for the Sales Consultant position would like to see some sales work. He doesn’t care about a technical project you did five years ago. So, cut it out. He doesn’t want to know about the languages you know.

However, if the position you have applied does require the use of any other language, you must mention it! It will help the recruiter!

Lastly, below is an example of an Australian Resume:

Resume Template difference between cv and resume

What is a curriculum vitae?

The interview success remains the same no matter which document you share with an employer. Therefore, the psychology behind the employer and applicant remains the same.

A curriculum vitae is a long document (2-4 pages) used mostly in the field of academics, and during the academic to professional change in career. A Curriculum vitae covers your in-depth information about academics, research, professional qualification, jobs you’ve done, awards, interests, publications, etc.

Let’s understand each of the differences:

Resume vs CV

Well, we talked about the psychology of an employer and employee. That answers the very first difference:

1.     Purpose

Employers in academics field look for research associates, assistants, scientists, analysts, etc. Hence, they are looking for every information related to your career and the field expertise you hold regarding both practical and theoretical knowledge.

So, you should follow a reverse-chronological order and explain each event briefly. For example, you need to tell your employer about the final-year project or research, the topic of the project, the aim, resources used, and outcomes or results achieved in two or three sentences.

This helps the recruiter to understand your idea of work and the technical expertise. This will help them ask relevant questions in your interview.

That way, you drive the interview yourself. You can make the recruiter ask questions you will be comfortable answering by providing the relevant information in your CV or Resume.

For example, in a resume, mention bulleted points about the work you did, responsibilities held, in one position.

If you don’t understand that software you worked on during an operations job, cut-it-out! Why would you want the employer to ask you questions that you don’t know!

Ethically, it should be followed for the non-essential skills required for the job.

If your job profile requires ServiceNow skills, and you are weak in the same, you should reconsider your application as you may be able to make it by faking it, but you won’t be able to survive in the job, and it might result in a bad ending.

2.    Customization

As a job interview is completely specified for one particular job profile. You can customise the content of a resume based on the information you want to show, and the details your employer wants to see. That’s what makes Customisation a major difference between CV and Resume.

If you’re going for a hard-core technical job, all other non-technical jobs’ you did before are not going to count.

Also, the ‘Career Objective’ of a resume might change from company to company. A recruiter offering you a team-management profile would like to know whether you are interested in vertical growth or not.

Or if your profile is an individual requiring to work with other teams in the company, the employer would like to know whether you’ll be able to work across different functions or not.

Therefore, you can customise the resume for different positions, employers, job profile, etc.

On the other hand, a CV remains static throughout, for all employers, organisations, and universities. As your academic degree is an asset that you nurture throughout your life, the publications, research papers, too.

3.     Layout

A layout is nothing but a format or template that you need to follow while creating any document.

The layout followed for CV is as follows:

  • Contact Information and Personal Details
  • Education
  • Employment History (if any)
  • Internships and Training
  • Personal and Professional Skills
  • Awards, Recognitions
  • Publications
  • Memberships
  • Interests, Hobbies, Other Activities

Whereas, the layout for Resume followed is:

  • Contact Information
  • Career Objective
  • Education – With or Without marks information
  • Relevant and Customised Employment History
  • Relevant Skills and Achievements

A layout differentiates the CV from Resume. Thus, making an evident difference.

4.     Length

The last difference between is of course – Length of Content.

Well, it is quite evident seeing the layout that the length of a CV will be naturally more than a resume. You will fill out a lot more information on your CV as compared to a resume.


Lastly, I would repeat that you should follow a one-page-document format for a resume and for your CV, you’re the best judge, but make sure to not put any information which may be irrelevant from the interview’s point of view.

Final Thoughts:

A Resume is a one-page concise document which highlights the career progression in a summary.

Whereas, a CV is a long, two to four pages’ document, which highlights the education (colleges and marks), research, employment details, internships, courses, projects, awards, publications, interest and activities.

Finally, the differences between a resume and CV are – Purpose, Customisation, Layout and Length.


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