The ‘time’ is a dimensionless unit but needs to be tracked and measured. From the ancient time, we human being have formulated various ways to measure this time to keep track of it. A week is one of the important time units which is equal to 7 days. We generally consider that a year contains 52 weeks, but it is not precisely true. Surprised? Let’s understand how many weeks in a year and how to do this conversion.
There are precisely 52.14285714285714 (approx 52.143) weeks in a regular calendar year. We will soon discuss elaborately how many weeks in a year in this article.
Year to week conversion
There are approximately 52 weeks in a calendar year. Have you noticed the word “approximately” in the last sentence? If you multiply 52 by 7, it will become 364 but are there only 364 days in a year? Not true.
Precisely, 1 regular calendar year = 365 days = 365/7 weeks = 52.14285714285714 weeks or 52.143 weeks. There is indeed 52 full weeks in a year though.
So, if you want to know how many weeks are there in 3 years, multiply the number of years with a factor of 52.143 (or, roughly 52).
So 3 years= (3×52.143) weeks=156.429 weeks.
A leap year comes every four years which means an extra day gets added to the calendar (Do you remember someone who born on Feb 29th. Pity on those given their birthday will come once in 4 years).
In this case, as there are 366 days, number of weeks would be
No of weeks = 366/7 = 52.28571428571429 weeks (or 52.28 weeks approx).
Conversion of the week to the year
The conversion formula of a week to years is,
1 week=0.0192 calendar years
So to express 4 weeks in the term of calendar years, you have to multiply it with 4.
So 4 weeks= (4×0.0192) calendar years=0.0768 calendar years
What is a week?
The week is the standard period used for cycles of days in almost every corner of the world. As you know, 24 hours is called a day, 7 days comprise a week, four weeks roughly form a month and 12 months make a year.
The week is a series of 7-days-cycle used in various calendars, which begins on Sunday and ends on Saturday. These series of seven consecutive days are taken as regular school/college/business days.
It is interesting to see a week’s worth of time in other units.
One week=7 days=168 hours=10,080 minutes=604,800seconds
The seven days of a week were named after the classical planets (astronomical objects in the sky) in the Roman era. But in English, the names of these consecutive seven days are Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.
Some of the people find it convenient to count ‘Monday’ as the first day of a week, but you are free to choose which day would be your first day.
There is a specific kind of week numbering system accepted internationally which is called ‘ISO week date system’. As per this system, there are 52 or 53 full weeks in a year. So one year is equal to 364 days or 371 days unlike the normal year of 365 or 366 days.
The former name of this system was ‘Industrial date coding’.
The origin of the word ‘week’ is the old English word ‘wice’, which in turn came from the Germanic word ‘wikon’ or ‘wik’ which means ‘turn, move or change’. The original meaning of this German word was most probably ‘succession series’.
Later this word was adopted in the ‘Roman Calendar’.
The ‘week system’ comes from One of the oldest concepts of seven-day cycles called ‘the biblical seven-day cycle’, where the last week of the month was synchronized with the new moon.
It is taken as the most commonly used unit of time all over the world to keep track of time in our daily life.
What is the year?
One year is the time taken by earth to complete its one revolution along its orbit around the sun.
1 year= 365 days (for a normal year)
1 year= 366 days (for a leap year).
In a calendar year, the total number of days is an approximate representation of the time taken by the earth for its one full revolution around the sun. The modern calendar, which we use, is the most widely used calendar all over the world. It is called the Gregorian calendar.
Pope Gregory XIII introduced it in October 1582. So it was named after him.
The international system of quantities (an international system based on seven physical quantities and time is one of them) has adopted ‘year’ as the standard unit of time. The symbol of year is a.
Following terms are the origins of the word ‘Year’
- Germanic word jeran and Indo-European term ‘Yehrom’ which means ‘year’ or season.
- Another origin of the word ‘year’ is
Latinword ‘annus’ which has been evolved through years into the present name.
A quick lookup –
- The first New Year was celebrated 4,000 years ago in the ancient time.
- One galactic year is equal to 230 million calendar years.
- A period of 10 years is called a decade.
- In ancient Rome 5 years was called a lustrum.
- Light-year is the unit of distance to measure astronomical distances on a very large scale. It is not a unit of time, and it has nothing to do with the years.
- An eight-day week was used in ancient Rome.