Everything You Should Know About Interim Partial Denture

Having a missing tooth in the mouth can take a toll on your self-confidence and make your smile less appealing. Tooth replacement techniques help to maintain the integrity of the adjacent teeth. Moreover, it helps to enhance the smile of the patient.

There is a wide range of tooth replacement therapies. One among them is an interim partial denture. As the name suggests, interim partial dentures are temporary dental prostheses that are usually fabricated to fulfill the patient’s functional and aesthetic requirements.

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Interim partial dentures are removable devices made from acrylic denture base and consists of artificial teeth. They are usually given immediately after tooth extraction and are used until the final permanent dentures are fabricated.

Today’s article will highlight the benefits and use of an interim partial denture. Furthermore, we will discuss the technique to fabricate a temporary partial denture.

What is an interim partial denture?

An interim partial denture is a removable dental prosthesis which typically provided immediately after tooth extraction. It is a temporary device that is given during the transitional period until the bone and gums heal entirely, and the final permanent dentures are made. (1)

This partial denture is also given in conditions with an uncertain outcome or delay in getting the results after the treatment. Some of the usual indications for temporary partial denture include –

  • Space maintenance in children
  • Tooth replacement for esthetic reasons commonly used in children. However, this device can also be given to adults.
  • Surgical splint to allow healing after an invasive surgical procedure
  • Conditioning device for the large tongue (2)
  • Trial prosthesis during implant or denture fabrications
  • Tissue conditioning device for abused soft tissues

What are the benefits?

There are several benefits of an interim partial denture that usually include –

  • It provides instant results and can be fabricated quickly.
  • Affordable
  • The denture base can be modified easily with the changing shape and size of the gums and bones.
  • The simple design avoids unnecessary tissue abuse in the mouth (3)
  • New teeth can be added easily to the same prosthesis as the dentist removes more teeth.
  • The denture gives a natural look enhancing the smile of the patient.
  • The functional device allows the patient to eat and speak appropriately after tooth extraction.

What are the disadvantages?

While interim partial denture comes with a wide range of benefits, there are also some drawbacks that you might want to know before deciding to go ahead with the fabrication of this device. Some of the disadvantages of this partial denture include –

  • Poor design or prolonged wear of this partial denture can lead to trauma to the surrounding periodontal tissues.
  • High risk of breakage, mostly interim denture, made for the lower jaw. (4)
  • Poor oral hygiene of the patient can lead to denture sores and increased risk of infection.

What is the technique to make interim partial dentures?

Ideally, interim dentures are designed to fulfill to main requirements of the patient –

  • Esthetics
  • Functionality

Typically, the interim partial denture design is based on support, retention, occlusion, and rigidity. A dentist’s first diagnosis and plans treatment for a patient who might require interim partial dentures after tooth extraction.

  • First, the preliminary impressions are recorded, and a model cast is prepared in the lab
  • This cast consists of the teeth that are to be removed. The technician usually cuts the tooth crown from the model cast to create a condition similar to post-extraction in the patient’s mouth. (5)
  • The denture base is fabricated over the model cast, and artificial teeth are placed accordingly.
  • Once the prosthesis is ready, the dentist performs a tooth extraction procedure. The interim partial denture is placed in the mouth and relined to adapt to the gums and bones.

Usually, it requires several follow-up appointments to reline and adjust this partial denture because of constant bone and gum remodeling post-extraction. Interim partial dentures are temporary are typically worn during the transitional period until the extraction site is completely healed.

After complete healing of the wound, the dentist may take the final impression to fabricate permanent dentures.

It is essential to take equal care of your interim dentures as that will help heal the gums faster. Use denture brush and cleaning solutions to remove the plaque and debris from the surface of the denture. Maintain good oral hygiene to minimize the risk of gum disease, and save the remaining teeth from tooth decay.

What is the cost?

Being a temporary dental prosthesis, interim partial dentures are usually affordable. However, the cost of interim partial denture may depend on the type of material used and the number of teeth replaced in the mouth.

On average, the cots of interim partial denture may range between $300 – $500. Dental insurance may cover the cost of temporary partial dentures.

Take away message

Interim partial dentures are temporary removable dental prosthesis that is usually provided after toot extraction of the front teeth. The main goal for the fabrication of this type of partial denture is to enhance the aesthetics of the smile. Moreover, it allows proper eating and speaking habits for the patient.

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These partial dentures are affordable, functional, allow healing of the gums, natural in design, and easily adjustable dental prosthesis. However, they are not durable and may break easily. Moreover, interim partial dentures, if not maintained properly, can lead to gum disease.

Therefore, it is essential to take proper care of your interim dentures and follow-up for dental adjustments until the fabrication of the final permanent dentures.

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