jagged teeth

The mouth is the smallest yet an intricate part of our body. It comprises of several different oral tissues that play a crucial role in carrying out some of the prime functions of the mouth. Teeth are the most valuable assets of the mouth. They help to speak, chew and swallow food. Moreover, the teeth maintain the esthetics of your smile. Enamel is the outermost protective layer of the teeth. Although it is the strongest substance in our body, it has its limit to wear and tear.

A traumatic injury or a forceful blow can cause the tooth to chip or fracture easily. Such an incident often makes the tooth surface sharp, disfigured, and tender giving it a jagged appearance. Jagged teeth can irritate the surrounding mucosal tissues and gums. Moreover, they form an accessible portal for the spread of tooth decay. In some cases, people may have a naturally jagged tooth. The presence of mamelons causes this appearance.

Whatever the reason may be, jagged teeth can be treated by various professional dental procedures. Some of these treatments may include reshaping, bonding veneers, or extractions. Replacement therapies for extracted tooth may be followed. Today’s article will highlight the clinical features of jagged teeth. Additionally, we will list down some of the conventional dental treatments to correct jagged teeth.

What do you mean by jagged teeth?

Nobody is born with a perfect set of teeth. Our teeth grow unevenly. Some may have a pointed appearance, while some may be protruding. Many people may have naturally jagged teeth due to the presence of mamelons – a protuberance present on front incisors during the eruption.

Mamelons wear away with time. Sometimes a small chip in the tooth may leave a noticeable jagged appearance. Typically, jagged teeth resemble sharp, rough, and pointed forms that may affect the esthetics of your smile.

What causes jagged teeth?

Several reasons can cause jagged teeth. Some of them may include –

  • Chipping of the tooth while biting on a hard substance like ice candy
  • Traumatic fall or injury
  • Fracture of tooth surface while playing contact sports without a mouth guard(1)
  • Bruxism
  • Broken tooth because of weak cavities or large and old filling
  • Weakening of enamel due to acid erosion
  • Tooth decay and extensive cavities

What are the signs and symptoms?

Usually, jagged teeth are sharp and pointed which may cause the following symptoms –

  • Irritation to the surrounding mucosal tissue
  • Ulceration on the tongue and opposing gums (2)
  • Gum laceration
  • Toothache on chewing or biting
  • An uneven appearance of the tooth which may affect the smile
  • Difficulty in eating food due to pain from the tooth and oral lesions

What is the treatment for jagged teeth?

A diagnosis of the dental condition is confirmed based on complete oral examination and inspection of the mouth. A dental history of the incident and symptoms are also taken into account. (3) Treatment of a jagged tooth usually depends on the location, severity, and extent of the fracture or decay.

Emergency treatments are carried out in case of severe tooth pain. Several dental treatments can be considered for jagged teeth. Following is a list of all the dental treatments –

Reshaping and recontouring

In this procedure, the irregular surface of the tooth is smoothened by a high-speed abrasive tool. Such therapies are viable for minor tooth chipping. The abrasive tool polishes the surface of the tooth permanently without removing an excess of enamel. On an average tooth recontouring and shaping costs around $100.

Tooth reattachment

If you happen to have the tooth fragment from the broken tooth, you can place it safely in a glass of milk to keep it moist. Calcium in the milk helps to maintain the vitality of the tooth fragment. (4) This can be done while you book your dental appointment. The dentist will then examine the piece and cement it back to your tooth. This procedure may cost around $50 – $350.

Bonding

Bonding is very simple and most common dental procedure for jagged teeth. It involves building up the tooth surface using tooth-colored dental material. Usually, acrylic resins with a matching shade are used to smoothen the irregular surface.

The material is allowed to set and polished to provide a smooth, even surface. Bonding is a quick and affordable process. However, the patient may have to take great care of the tooth post-treatment. If the tooth is put under too much stress, it may lead to fracture of the tooth. The cost of bonding procedures depends on the complexity involved. Usually, it may range between $100 – $1000.

Veneers

Veneers are thin tooth-colored porcelain shells which are usually attached to the front teeth. The fabrication of veneers may take a couple of weeks. However, they are the best choices for correcting the jagged appearance of multiple front teeth. Veneers are a very durable option compared to bonding materials and can last for about 30 or more years. The cost of a veneer may range between $500 – $2000.

Dental crowns

A dental crown is an excellent option for several dental problems like extensive tooth fracture, deep carious lesions, and root canal treated the tooth. During this procedure, a tooth-colored cap is fabricated and cemented on to the affected tooth. (5) Dental crowns can cost from $100 – $1000.

Take away message

Jagged teeth are a common incidence that may occur due to several reasons. Some of them may include tooth fracture due to biting on hard objects, sports injury, trauma, and tooth decay. Often the jagged surface of the tooth may irritate the surrounding gums, mucosal tissues, and tongue. Additionally, it may also affect the esthetics of your smile. In most cases, jagged teeth are not painful. However, immediate treatment will help to restore the tooth structure and prevent oral injuries.

Treatment of jagged teeth may vary depending on the type of injury and the extent of the fracture. Some of the conventional dental procedures include reshaping of the tooth, bonding, veneers, and dental crown placements. If you have a jagged tooth, visit your dentist to find out the suitable treatment for your case.