The juicy, sweet-sour fruit of Jambu or Jamun is a great solace from the burning sun and scorching heat. In Ayurveda, Jambu is used as a nutrient supplement, herbal medicine, and cosmetics.
Jambu is far more recognized for its juicy fruit, but it is lesser known that its other parts can incredibly cure some severe diseases. Recent researches have confirmed its anti-diabetic, antibiotic, hepato-protective, anti-oxidant, anti-diarrheal, anti-ulcerogenic, and gastroprotective properties. Let us know more about its properties and actions from the Ayurvedic perspective.
Jambu – All you need to know
Jambu (Eugenia jambolana) is commonly known as Jamun, Black plum, Indian blackberry, or Malabar plum. The tree is a native of the Indian subcontinent and grows extensively in South Asia, Eastern Africa, and South America.
Jambu is a large evergreen tree having a thick, cylindrical stem with grey bark. The leaves are leathery, simple, ovate, and long pointed. It has white, small, scented flowers. The fruits are fleshy, juicy, dark purple colored and contain single large seed. Fruits are sweetish-sour to taste. The Jambu seeds, fruits, bark, and leaves are used to treat a range of ailments.
Properties of Jamun
As per Ayurveda, the rasa or taste of Jamun is primarily astringent with a sweet and sour taste. It is light to digest and dry. Its post-digestive taste is pungent and is cold in potency.
Owing to its properties, Jamun pacifies kapha and pitta dosha. The bark is digestive and acts as an excellent astringent to the bowels. The fruit is rich in anti-oxidants, cooling, digestive, carminative, diuretic, refreshing, and anti-diabetic.
What are the benefits of Jamun?
It has been reported that different parts of Jambu, especially fruits and seeds, show remarkable anti-diabetic activity. But it is not the only benefit of Jambu, here are some more –
Controls fluid loss
The bark of the Jamun tree contains tannins, and carbohydrates, which account for its use to arrest the abnormal movement of bowels. Hence, it is instrumental in stopping blood discharge, diarrhea, and chronic dysentery.
A proven wonderful anti-diabetic
Jamun fruit contains some phytochemicals that stop the conversion of starch into sugar. Therefore, it keeps your blood sugar under control. Jambu cures not only diabetes but also its complications like eye damage, neuropathy, kidney damage, slow healing of wounds, etc.
Ensures health of your skin
Jambu is an excellent blood purifier and enriches its oxygen-carrying capacity. Hence, this fruit is helpful in skin problems like pimples, ringworm, rashes, and pitta related disorders.
Good for your lungs
Jamun fruit expels excess mucus from the body’s respiratory apparatus. It treats sore throat, bronchitis, and asthma.
Keeps gastric problems at bay
Jambu pacifies pitta dosha and is a coolant. It acts as a liver tonic and is highly beneficial in hyperacidity, spleen enlargement, and intestinal problems.
Bundle of energy
Eating Jambu fruits can recover you from bouts of tiredness. This is because it is a good source of instant energy as it is rich in fructose, glucose, citric acid, and gallic acid.
How to use various parts of Jambu?
Jambu is commonly used to prepare squash, jellies, jams, wines, and in many baked products. Here are the ways you can use the other parts of the Jambu tree.
- You can take one tablespoon fine powder of shade-dried Jambu seeds every morning. It also treats the adverse impacts of diabetes like neuropathy and cataract
- If the decoction of Jambu stem bark is taken three times a day for 2-3 weeks, then it can treat diabetes
- You can control your blood sugar by taking two teaspoons of Jambu leaf juice mixed with honey or milk. You can take it in the early morning
- Infusion or decoction of Jamun leaves or even eating fresh leaves daily can decrease your blood glucose level
- You can stop dysentery with Jambu seed. For this, mix Jamun seed powder with sugar or jaggery and take this mix 2-3 times a day
- Jambu leaf juice alone or a combination of Jambu leaf juice with the mango juice is highly effective in dysentery
- You can use water diluted Jambu fruit juice to treat ringworm on scalp
- You can get clear skin by rubbing the fresh Jamun seeds on the pimples and boils daily
- Mix ash of Jamun bark with water or coconut oil and apply to local swelling or burns on your body
Prepare a decoction of tender leaves of Jambu and Mango and let it cool. Add little honey and drink it to stop vomiting
Daily intake of decoctions made up of bark of Jamun tree is beneficial in asthma and bronchitis
- If you have a cataract, prepare tablets of fine Jambu seed powder with the honey of 3g each. You can take 1-2 tablets daily with milk. Also, you can apply this tablet on eyes after making its paste with honey to cure cataract
- To cure conjunctivitis, boil soft 20 leaves of Jamun in 2 cups of water until 100ml remains. Cool it down and use it as an eyewash
- Daily take two teaspoons of Jamun vinegar mixed with little water twice daily to cure hyperacidity, to improve appetite and liver functioning
- You make juice of ripe Jambu fruits and store this juice for three days. You can take 1-2 teaspoon of this juice daily for any gastric problem
- To treat indigestion, make a paste of Jambu leaves with milk and take it twice a day
- You can gargle with the decoction of Jambu bark or seed to treat ulcer, stomatitis, spongy gums
- Chewing tender leaves of Jamun tree also helps in treating mouth ulcers
What is the correct dose?
Ayurvedic texts suggest 3-6g of dry Jambu seed powder as an average dose per day. ½ -2 teaspoon of ripe Jamun fruit juice is the correct dose for daily use. Take 50-100ml of decoction of Jamun tree bark, leaf, or seed in a day.
If you are having weak digestion, then you can find it difficult to digest this nutrient-packed fruit and may cause stomach upset. So, you should control the consumption of Jambu fruits.
Traditionally, Jamun has been used to treat several ailments ranging from poisoning to diabetes. Jamun has cooling, rejuvenating, digestive, anti-diabetic, diuretic, astringent, and hepato-protective properties. Thus, Jambu juice is extremely useful as a general tonic.
You can include Jambu in your daily life quite easily. You may consume its fruit, seed powder, Jamun syrup, or vinegar, which are readily available in the market. Consumption of Jamun in any form will keep your stomach, liver, and blood glucose level in a healthy state.