Date palm or Phoenix dactylifera is called as ‘Life tree’ or ‘Bread of desert’ in Arab countries. The sweet and fleshy Khajoor, Kharjura, or Date is not merely a fruit but an excellent Ayurvedic medicine. In Ayurveda, Dates are used in several conditions as an excellent remedy.
Khajoor is highly esteemed in Ayurveda as they are a great source of energy, minerals, vitamins, & phytoconstituents. Many scientific studies have qualified Dates as functional food and nutraceutical. Apart from being a delicacy, Dates are an important medicine. Read on to know what Ayurveda says about the benefits & uses of Dates.
Kharjura – All you need to know
The Ayurvedic name of Date is ‘Kharjura’. The word means itching as it happens when someone climbs its tree which has a rugged stem. Kharjura is one of the ‘Trimadhura,’ i.e., three chief drugs which are sweet and rejuvenates the body.
Date palms are widely grown in hot, arid regions of the Middle East, West Asia, and North Africa. It is a tall tree attaining a height of 100ft. The trunk is covered with persistent bases of petioles & base is often surrounded by a dense mass of root suckers.
Dates have large, compound leaves that are 10-15 ft long. The male flowers are white, compact, sweetly scented with a short stalk. Female flowers are greenish, broader, and longer than male flowers. The date fruit is oblong, reddish, or yellowish-brown when ripe. It has sweet, fleshy pulp & cylindrical seeds. The fruit is used in Ayurvedic medicine.
Kharjura fruit contains 70% of carbohydrates i.e., sugars like glucose, fructose, sucrose. These sugars get easily digested and quickly supply the body with lots of energy. It is also rich in dietary fibers, minerals like calcium, iron, fluorine, selenium, and vitamins A, B-complex, & C.
Properties of Kharjura
Kharjura is sweet in taste. It is unctuous & heavy to digest. It has cooling and a sweet post-digestive effect. Dates pacify vata and pitta dosha. Kharjura has aphrodisiac, diuretic, cardio-tonic, and nervine tonic properties.
What are the benefits of Kharjura?
Sweet Kharjura is packed with energy and essential nutrients having many health benefits. Besides, they are sodium-free, cholesterol-free, and fat-free. Hence, Kharjura reduces the chances of developing heart disease and cancer.
- Also read: Medjool Dates Benefits
Kharjura is a Rasayana, which purifies and enhances the quality of nutrients supplied to the body tissues. Hence, it delays the aging process and minimizes the effects of degenerative disorders like arthritis, dementia, Alzheimer’s, etc.
Source of instant energy
Dates contain 20% water and 50-60% of natural sugars like fructose, sucrose, & glucose. This combination replenishes the energy in a tired body. Thereby, Kharjura easily relieves fatigue and revitalizes the body instantly.
Good for your brain & heart
Dates are abundant in minerals like potassium, calcium, phosphorus & essential vitamins, which make it a good heart and nervine tonic. Hence, a daily habit of munching on dates takes care of your heart and brain.
Keeps you hydrated
The cooling effect & high moisture content of dates keeps your body cells hydrated. Also, Kharjura lowers thirst, chances of dehydration and fainting in hot summers.
Helps you gain weight
Nutrient packed dates supply your body with all nutrients essential for bodybuilding like carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, vitamins, and fibers. Moreover, they enhance your appetite, improve your overall metabolic status, and prevent malnutrition.
How to use Dates as medicine?
Dates have been used in Arab gulf regions as a staple food for centuries. It is used to enhance the taste of the meal as paste, syrup, pickles, and used in many bakery products. Here are some medicinal uses of dates –
- To cure abnormal taste of mouth, gargle with the paste of Kharjuras & raisins
- If you suffer from severe dehydration then take infusion made by boiling Dates and milk in a dose of 40-50ml
- You can cure migraine by applying the paste of ground Date seeds
- Eating 2-4 dates promotes expectoration, expels cough, and soothes chest
- You can gain weight by eating Kharjura. Pound dried dates with equal parts of almonds, quince seeds, one-fourth part of each cardamom, dry ginger, and sugar. Take this combination daily with milk
- To treat hoarse voice and expel out a cough, make a paste of dates, raisins, long pepper, and candy sugar in equal quantity. Add ghee & honey. Lick this paste thrice a day
- When date syrup is mixed with milk & honey, it enhances virility and treats sexual disturbances
- You can treat any kind of alcoholic intoxication with this remedy. Soak equal parts of dry dates, pomegranate, raisins, ripe tamarind, phalsa, the pulp of Indian gooseberry and Kokam fruit in 28 parts of water for 2-4 hours. Later churn the mixture well, filter and consume in a dose of 100 ml a day
What is the right dose of Kharjura?
You can eat two dates per day. If you have diabetes, then you should eat one Date in a day. If you are taking juice or infusion of date fruits, then consume 50-100ml. When using the paste, take 10-20g. Dates are not reported to have any significant side effects. But people with obesity, weak digestion, allergy, during pregnancy and breastfeeding should consume dates in a limited amount.
Kharjura serves as an essential medicine in Ayurveda, especially in pitta-related disorders. It is well-known for its sweetness, cooling and nourishing effects. Recent researches have confirmed its anti-cancerous, anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperlipidemic, immuno-stimulatory actions. Moreover, being a storehouse of minerals, vitamins, and phytochemicals, Kharjura is an ideal food for the overall growth and development of the body.