Mango, the king of fruits, is what everyone waits eagerly for summers. It’s the best remedy for thirst and tiredness in scorching summer. Just the thought of this juicy, pulp-rich fruit makes our mouth water. But do you know that not only the fruit but all the parts of mango tree work as a great herbal medicine in various diseases?
In Ayurveda, mango tree has been an essential herb since time immemorial. Different parts of mango trees are found to be anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-helminthic, immuno-regulator, and cardio-protective. Let’s explore more about the benefits of the mango tree in Ayurveda.
Amra – All you need to know
‘Amra’ is the Sanskrit name of mango. It means that if a mango is consumed more, then it will cause the formation of ‘ama,’ or indigestion. Mango is grown in many parts of the world, particularly in tropical regions.
The mango tree is a large spreading evergreen tree that grows up to 50 feet. It has long, oblong, and shining leaves with an acute tip. Mango flowers are tiny with a sweet smell. The mango fruit is fleshy with a hard and fibrous seed. Root, bark, leaf, fruit, flower, gum and seed are the most used parts of mango tree in Ayurvedic medicine.
Mangiferin is a natural bioactive compound that is found in various parts of the mango tree. This miracle compound shows anti-viral activities upon herpes simplex virus, HIV, and hepatitis-B virus. It is also cardiotonic, diuretic, and prevents osteoporosis.
Mango is a good source of Vitamin-C, E, and B6. It has essential flavonoids, such as alpha and beta carotene, for good eye health. Mango seeds are rich in protein, gallic acid, and starch. Mango leaves are rich in Vitamin A, C, and minerals like copper, potassium, and magnesium.
Properties of various parts of the Mango tree
Ayurveda has described the usefulness and energetics of various parts of mango –
- A ripen mango is sweet, heavy to digest, unctuous and cold in potency. It is, therefore, ripen mango alleviates raised vata and pitta levels
- Unripe mango is sour, light to digest, dry, and cold in potency. It is, therefore, unripe mango disturbs all three doshas and blood
- Mango bark, root, and leaves are astringent in taste and light to digest. They show the pungent post-digestive effect. They are too cold in potency and therefore, decrease kapha and pitta
What are the benefits of the Mango tree?
Mango is rich in various phytoconstituents and is highly nutritious fruit for its high content of vitamins and minerals. These nutrients collectively contribute to the following therapeutic benefits of a mango tree –
Helps in weight gain
Ripe mango pulp has a high-calorie content (60kcal/100g), which allows you to put on weight. As per Ayurveda, sweet taste and unctuousness of mango stimulates appetite and enhances kapha dosha, which in turn increases body weight.
Takes care of your heart
A large variety of antioxidants, pigments, and vitamins in mango shows the antioxidant effect, which lowers the chances of degeneration of cardiac tissues.
As stem bark of mango tree alleviates kapha dosha, it shows a potent and strong hypoglycaemic effect in Diabetes type-2. You may consume either powder or decoction of bark to lower your blood sugar level.
Prevents inflammatory diseases
Mangiferin, a Phyto-constituents of mango, is reported to have anti-inflammatory action. It prevents diseases like inflammatory bowel diseases, gastritis, and even colon and rectal cancers.
Restricts flow of fluids
The astringent effect of mango leaf, bark, and seed prevents loss of fluid in the body. They efficiently stop diarrhea, vomiting, vaginal discharges, and blood loss in hemorrhagic disorders.
Mango is bundled with minerals like potassium, phosphorus, calcium, copper, iron, zinc, vitamins C, E, A, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and folates. All these minerals play an important role in regulating your body’s immunity.
- Also read: The Ultimate Guide of Ayurveda Treatment
How to use various parts of the mango tree?
There are several recipes of mango fruit. But here are some more ways to avail benefits of the whole mango tree.
- If you are suffering from chronic vomiting, prepare a decoction of tender leaves of mango and Jamun. Let it cool, add honey, and consume it fresh
- The decoction of leaves with a little honey is given in loss of voice
- The smoke of the burning leaves helps in curing throat infections and hiccups
Gum-resin of mango tree bark
- You can cure scabies, ringworm, or itching by applying a paste made by grinding mango gum resin of bark with lime juice
- You can apply mango gum resin of bark to cracked soles and wounds for quick healing
Mango tree bark
- You can cure bleeding piles, white discharge, and diarrhea by taking juice or cold infusion of mango tree bark
- You can take 3 grams of dried mango bark powder twice a day for curing chronic diarrhea
- You can get relief from dandruff by the application of paste prepared by mixing mango seed powder, Chebulic myrobalan powder, and milk. Apply this paste on your scalp twice a week
- If you suffer from bleeding piles, excessive bleeding in menstruation, white discharge, etc., then take 2 to 3 grams of mango seed powder
- You would be amazed to know that dry mango seed kernel powder stops bleeding and heals wound quickly
You can use dried mango flowers for fumigation against mosquitoes
- Pickled unripe mango helps in digestion and improves the flavor and taste of food
- Juice of the unripe fruit treats cracks in the soles caused by cold weather
- Drinking a cup of warm milk with ghee 1 hour after eating a ripe mango acts as a tonic, aphrodisiac and improves complexion
- You can apply ripe mango juice over hair to enhance its shine and strength
What is the correct dose of a mango?
10-20 ml is an ideal dose when consuming fresh mango juice for medicinal benefits. You can take 50-100 ml of decoction of mango bark, seed, root, and leaves. Also, if you are consuming dry mango seed powder, then Take 3-6 grams of dry seed powder in a day.
Side effects of Mango
Most of us love to eat ripen or unripe mango fruit. Especially sour, unripe fruit is savored by children and even elderly. But when consumed too much, mango can cause blood disorders, constipation, bloating and eye disorders. Hence, you should always go for ripen and sweet mangoes.
Eat mangoes only in the seasons of their natural availability which is summers. This is because, in summer, pitta dosha (fire element) is high in the body. The cooling effect of this sweet fruit pacifies pitta dosha and increases kapha dosha (water element) in the body.
Mango fruit, seed, leaves, and bark maintains your digestion, treats infection, ulcers, bleeding disorders, and diarrhea. They also keep your heart and skin healthy.