As people are becoming more concerned about their aesthetics these days, the demand for dental treatment is increasing rapidly.
Today, dental consultations and treatments are not limited to a mere cleaning of teeth but have become an excellent source to beautify your smile.
One such field of dentistry that excels regarding preventing cavities, treating tooth infections and building aesthetics is Restorative Dentistry.
Restorative dentistry includes the diagnosis and treatment of a day to day dental need.
It includes restoring broken or fractured tooth, repairing tooth discolorations and even treating a missing tooth space.
With advancements in technology and inventions of new materials, this field of dentistry has evolved to its fullest and has proven to be the solution for almost every dental problem.
Let us read further to understand the importance of restorative dentistry in fulfilling our dental needs.
What is restorative dentistry?
Restorative dentistry relates to the study and diagnosis of disease and infections related to the teeth, gums and supporting bone.
It constitutes a collection of different procedures that aim to restore the functions and aesthetics of your teeth and oral tissues.
This field of dentistry leaves not only a positive impact on your oral conditions but also your mental well-being. (1)
Who needs treatments?
A restorative treatment can be a dental option for any patient who may have the following dental problems:
- Spaces in their dentition due to missing teeth
- Patients who have undergone radiotherapy and surgical procedure for oral cancer and require a dental prosthesis
- Broken or fractured teeth
- Infected tooth with discoloration
- Presence of gum disease or periodontitis
- Patients who want a smile correction
- Fractured old fillings
How to decide what restorative treatments you need?
A dentist will give you the best advice especially if you are concerned about a dental problem that you’ve been facing.
A dentist will do a thorough oral examination, analyze the dental situation and diagnose the condition. The treatment options vary from a minimally invasive procedure to surgical treatment.
A dentist will provide suitable treatment options based on your dental needs and complete the treatment either in a single visit or multiple visits.
Some dental procedures like implants, root canal treatments and fabrication of dentures may require additional help of a dental specialist, for example, an endodontist, an oral surgeon or a prosthodontist.
Depending on the requirements of the dental procedure, a dentist may refer you to the appropriate specialist.
With the recent advancements in dentistry, the restorative treatments have become promising and effective in providing the patient with astonishing outcomes.
What are the different procedures in restorative dentistry?
Restorative dentistry comprises of a wide range of procedures right from a simple filling and root canal treatments to veneers, crowns, and dental implants.
There are a variety of dental restorative materials available today. Their use depends on the choice and needs of the patient.
Broadly a simple dental filling typically involves the use of two materials namely amalgam and composite.
- Amalgam is an alloy which contains mercury as an element, and it is generally used to restore the posterior teeth where aesthetics is not much of a concern.
They are inexpensive and lasts long. An amalgam filling for a single tooth may range from $100 – $200 on an average.
- Composites are resin-based materials that are available in various shades which matches the tooth color of a patient.
They are aesthetically pleasing and provide adequate strength to the tooth. Unlike amalgam, composites bond well to the tooth surface. A composite filling may cost you around $130 – $240 per fill.
In case of an infected pulp, a dental abscess around a tooth or a grossly decayed tooth, a root canal treatment becomes essential.
Root canal treatments help to save the natural tooth, remove the infection and restore the tooth.
In this procedure, the pulp is removed, and the canals are cleaned; the canals are then filled with gutta-percha, and finally, the tooth structure is restored by placing a crown.
The cost of the treatment depends on the tooth, accessibility and the extent of the infection. On an average, a root canal treatment may cost around $200 – $1000 per tooth.
Crowns and bridges
A dental bridge, unlike the crown, is used to replace more than one tooth. It typically takes support from the adjacent teeth to replace the missing tooth in between.
A crown or a bridge can be made from a vast range of materials depending on the tooth involved and the aesthetic requirements of the patient. There are broadly three types of fabrications available:
- Metal-based – These are used for the posterior teeth as they are not visible in general. They can be made of either gold or nickel and a chrome alloy. A metal crown may range from $200 – $700 per tooth.
- Porcelain fused metal – These are metal crowns with a layer of porcelain fused on top of it to match the tooth shade and give it a natural appearance.
A porcelain fused metal crown may cost from $500 – $3000 per tooth.
- All ceramic – All-ceramic crowns are used for anterior teeth; they are highly recommended to maintain the aesthetics. They come in various shades matching the patient’s tooth color.
Since they are mainly used to improve the aesthetics of the patient, they are slightly expensive and may cost around $800 – $1300 per tooth. (3)
Veneers are tooth-colored materials that are added as a layer on the anterior teeth to modify the appearance of uneven, cracked or chipped teeth.
They either use composite which is bonded to the tooth surface or porcelain which is cemented to the tooth surface. (4)
Veneers have recently gained popularity with the advancement in the aesthetic dentistry and have proven to be a game changer.
Veneers are slightly expensive as compared to other restorative procedures; they may range from $250 – $2500 per tooth.
Implants are tooth replacements for missing teeth. They consist of titanium screws that are placed surgically into the alveolar bone.
Soon after the period of healing, they are restored with a dental crown, bridge or an implanted supported denture.
Studies have shown that implant provides a more natural look and feel to the patient and are trending in the dental field. (5)
Considering the strength, support, longevity, and aesthetics that an implant provides, the cost of a single implant may vary from $1500 – $3000.
Take away message
Now that you have got an idea of the various types of restorations available for every dental problem, you must understand the suitable treatment done.
Although restorative dentistry may save your tooth from the extensive damage and decay, maintenance of good oral hygiene is still mandatory to prevent further loss of any other tooth and to keep you from the misery of dental pain.
Dental problems like tooth decay can be prevented if you follow a regular oral health care regime.
Consult your dentist to know more about your treatment options and stay updated with the latest advancements that are beneficial for you.