We have prized roses for their scent and their beauty for centuries. These beautiful flowers are linked to romance and idealism.

However, are you aware that rose plays a vital role in benefiting our physical and mental health as well? Rose essential oil can reduce depression, improve skin health, boost libido, and lower inflammation as well.

Let us learn more about rose essential oil and its benefits.

What is rose essential oil?

Rose essential oil is extracted through steam distillation from the Damascus rose . This oil has a captivating fragrance and is also known for its therapeutic and medicinal properties. Its color can range from clear to light yellow or a slight green tint.

The main components of this oil include Citronellol, Carvone, Citronellyl Acetate, Citral, Ethanol, Eugenol, Farnesol, Stearpoten, Methyl Eugenol, nonanol, Nonanal, Phenyl Acetaldehyde, Nerol, Phenylmethyl Acetate, and Phenyl Geraniol. These compounds promote good health in several different ways.

It takes several pounds of rose petals to produce just one ounce of rose oil. Depending on the extraction method, the yield of rose oil can range from 1:1500 to 1:10000.

History of rose essential oil

The word ‘rosa’ comes from the Greek word ‘Roden’ which means ‘red.’ Rose cultivation originated in the Gulf of Persia.

The rose industry was dominated by Persia from the 10th to the 17th century.

During the sixteenth century, the Ottoman merchants imported Damascus rose for cultivation in Balkan countries. The first rose essential oil was probably distilled in Bulgaria around 1690.

Since then the Bulgarian rose industry reigned supreme till World War 1, after which the production of this oil declined steadily. Today Turkey is the largest producer of rose essential oil.

Health benefits of rose essential oil

1. Fights depression

Rose essential oil is highly useful for people who suffer from acute depression. It helps to remove the feelings of anxiety and stress and uplifts the mood.

According to a 2012 study, 28 high-risk postpartum women were given aromatherapy treatment with a blend of rose and Lavandula Angustifolia twice a week for four consecutive weeks.

The results found that there were significant improvements in the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and Generalised Anxiety Disorder Scale of the participants (1).

2. Prevents infections

Rose essential oil contains a compound known as methyl eugenol, which has local antiseptic and anesthetic effects. These antiseptic properties prevent the wound from becoming septic and developing tetanus.

Rose oil can be used to treat wounds, cuts, abrasions, and burns, without the fear of any side effects.

This essential oil also has antibacterial properties which can prevent internal infections that lead to diseases like cholera, typhoid, diarrhea, and food poisoning.

The antiviral properties of rose oil can also protect you from cough, cold and flu.

3. Purifies the blood and improves circulation

Rose essential oil is a natural blood purifier. It helps in the neutralization and removal of toxins from the blood. This process protects the body from developing boils, rashes, ulcers, and skin disease as well as prevents ailments like cancer and heart disease.

This oil also stimulates the circulation of blood, which helps in providing oxygenated blood to the organs at a faster pace. It also improves energy levels and metabolism.

Rose oil is also an effective coagulant, which means it prevents internal bleeding and hemorrhage.

4. Provides astringent benefits

The astringent properties of rose essential oil help to tighten up the muscles, skin and even organs in the body.

It tightens up the skin, which helps in preventing fine lines and wrinkles. Rose oil also prevents sagging muscles. It strengthens gums which makes your teeth stronger.

It also tightens the skin on your scalp, which prevents hair loss. This property of rose oil can also help in the case of diarrhea.

The astringent property of rose oil also helps in contracting blood vessels, which can prevent loss of blood in case of injuries.

5. Improves skin health

Rose essential oil provides several benefits of the skin. It destroys harmful bacteria that can cause acne. According to a 2010 study from Northeast Forestry University, China, rose essential oil has one of the strongest antibacterial activities towards P. acnes (2).

It also helps by increasing the permeability of the skin. When you add rose oil to your skin care products, it opens up the skin pores to help to absorb the products better.

Rose oil has antioxidant properties which help hasten the healing process of the skin. It helps to fade away scares caused by acne, boils or injuries and improves the skin tone. Rose oil also helps to get rid of stretch marks and scars from surgeries.

6. Improves digestion

Rose essential oil can improve digestive health in several ways. It acts as a natural laxative and regulates regular bowel movements.

It also provides relief from indigestion, gas, bloating, irritable bowels and stomach cramps. It helps control acid levels in the stomach, which prevents prolonged acidity and ulcers in the stomach.

Rose essential oil stimulates the secretion of bile from the gall bladder, which helps in digesting food more efficiently. It also helps to prevent problems like irregular bowel movements, constipation, diarrhea, IBS and colorectal cancer.

7. It is an aphrodisiac

The floral fragrance of rose oil brings about feelings of love and comfort. Its calming aroma can create an atmosphere of love and intimacy. Its scent can cause arousal and boost libido as well. It is especially helpful for men with sexual dysfunction related to anxiety and stress.

Rose essential oil is also known to reduce the symptoms of erectile dysfunction, frigidity, and impotence.

8. Relieves spasms

Rose essential oil has antispasmodic properties which help to treat muscular spasms in various limbs, spasms in the respiratory system and the intestines. It helps to treat muscle pulls, cramps, convulsions, and spasmodic cholera.

Massaging the affected area with rose essential oil relaxes the muscles and eliminates pain.

9. Regulates menstrual cycle

Rose essential oil stimulates proper hormone levels, and this helps to regulate menstrual cycles. It also helps to reduce the PMS symptoms like cramping, pain nausea and fatigue. This oil is especially helpful for women who have irregular menstrual periods and other hormonal issues.

Rose oil can also help prevent uterine tumors, fibroids, and uterine discharge. It can prevent early menopause and help reduce the symptoms of menopause like mood swings, bloating and abdominal pain.

 10. Boosts liver health

The liver performs the vital job of detoxifying chemicals and metabolizing drugs within the body. Rose essential oil helps keep the liver strong and protected from infections. It detoxifies the liver and maintains its health so that it can continue to function properly.

Ways to use rose essential oil

  • Add a drop of rose essential oil to your moisturizer and apply it on your skin. This helps in preventing wrinkles and fights acne.
  • Dilute this oil with coconut oil and apply it on your blemishes thrice a day.
  • Dilute one drop of rose oil in a tablespoon of coconut oil and massage it on your abdomen to prevent cramps, and bloating. This also helps to encourage menstruation.
  • Inhale rose oil directly from the bottle or diffuse it in your home to relieve stress and depression.
  • In case of wounds and cuts, dilute one drop of this oil in a teaspoon of carrier oil and then add a few drops of this mixture on a plaster. Put this plaster on the wound to prevent bacterial infection.
  • Dilute one drop of rose essential oil in a glass of water and consume it to treat constipation.
  • Add several drops of rose oil to your bath water and soak in it to ease menstrual cramps.
  • Mix one drop of rose oil with a teaspoon or argan oil and apply it on your hair to moisturize it and keep it frizz free.

Side effects and precautions

Rose essential oil is generally considered safe to use, but it can have some side effects. This essential oil can cause an allergic reaction in some people so you must conduct a patch test before using it topically for the first time.

It is not safe to use this oil during pregnancy as it can lead to miscarriages and abnormal bleeding.

Always dilute this oil as before you use it as its strong aroma can sometimes lead to headaches.

Always consult with your doctor before using this oil internally.

Final thoughts

Rose essential oil is created by steam distilling rose petals of the Damascus rose. Its color ranges from clear to light yellow or a slight green tint.

This sweet smelling floral essential oil has many health benefits that include fighting depression, preventing infection, purifying the blood, improving skin, boosting digestion, relieving spasms, boosting libido, and regulating the menstrual cycle.

You can use this essential oil topically, aromatically and even internally in a diluted form. Always do a patch test to avoid any allergic reactions. Pregnant women should avoid rose oil as it may lead to miscarriage. Consult your doctor before you take this oil internally.

Rose essential oil health benefits include fighting depression, preventing infection, purifying the blood, improving skin, boosting digestion