Amelogenesis imperfecta is a hereditary or inherited defect that interrupts the process of formation of tooth enamel. This condition affects the enamel which is the outer most layer of the tooth and makes it very thin and fragile.
The layer of enamel is made up of minerals like calcium phosphate and hydroxylapatite. Low concentration of such minerals on the tooth surface leads to the formation of chalky white spots on the dental crown. This condition is known as enamel hypocalcification.
The enamel is the outermost protective layer of the tooth. If we don’t protect it, it cannot protect our teeth. There are several ways to strengthen enamel such as diet modifications, avoiding sugar, brushing right, getting rid of bruxism, etc.
Tooth enamel is the hardest substance in your body. Enamel forms the outer covering of the visible tooth portion, outside of the gums. Enamel plays a vital role in protecting teeth from decay. Having said this, enamel does undergo attrition, abrasion etc.