Unique Govt Job and Unexplored Career Options in Patents

In India, people do engineering first than ponder over their career options. This is leading to Educated Unemployment, which is a big reason for worry for a young nation like India. Today, India has multifaceted career choices. Most of the career options are conventional and obvious based on trend and choices. Whereas, there are a set of unconventional jobs and unexplored career options which are lucrative with less competition.

Also read: How to start with “Data Analytics Job Application” or other non-core jobs?


Sounds interesting! If yes, then hang on with me for a while as I am going to route you to one of the unexplored territories of career options with high job conversion rate.

Have you heard of Patents? I am sure you must have but do you know beyond the meaning of Patent?

Incidentally, I am working as Patent Officer in Indian Patent Office (Govt. Of India). After I had joined, I came to know multiple career options in the field of Patents. And boy, I was amazed at the myriad of choices available in this area.

What is Patent?

A patent is a set of exclusive territorial rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention. The period is 20 years in India. In short, the patent is protecting one’s creativity.

Every patent is a techno-legal document as it involves the invention related to any technical area. The patent is drafted as per the act i.e. statutory law. So, basic knowledge of both technical, as well as legal field, is required.

You should file a patent after you create something. There are two ways of Patent filing.

Patent Filing Ways

Either inventor itself can file a patent, or you may have to seek help from registered patent agents. The drafting of Patents is a cumbersome process, so most of the inventors hire Patent agents for filing their applications.

Also read: What is a CV and how should you make your own CV?

1.    How to qualify as Patent Agent

We just saw how Patent agents are required to file patents on behalf of the inventor. Patent agent charges a hefty amount of money for filing every patent application.

So, the first unconventional career option that comes in the way of any science graduate aspirant is the Patent agent. The patent exam is conducted by Indian Patent Office once in every 3 to 4 years. A candidate’s minimum requirement is as follows:

  1. Must be citizen of India
  2. Minimum age qualification is 21 years, and the maximum age is 35 years. The upper age limit is relaxed up to 5 years for Govt. employees, 10 years for candidates belonging to SC/ST categories and up to 3 years in the case of OBC, per the instructions or orders issued by Central Government from time to time.
  3. Must be a graduate in science, technology or engineering stream.

Patent agent exam has three stages which involve Objective, Conventional and Viva-Voce. The number of applications is very less as compared to other mainstream examinations like UPSC, etc.

Indian Patent Agent Salary

This job offers a lucrative career. A patent agent could work independently or as IP (Intellectual Property) counsel in R&D or IP firm. So, the salary range is subjective to the nature of any typical patent agent.

But just to give a ballpark figure, the salary range is somewhere between 5 lakhs to 15 lakhs per annum in India. However, in the USA, Patent Agent earning ranks among the top four most rewarding careers.

Please refer Intellectual Property India Govt. website for detailed information about examination process.

2.    Examiner of Patents & Designs

The Patent is drafted and filed in the designated Patent Office. Here comes the second unexplored career option as Examiner of Patents & Designs.

This is Group-A Gazetted post in Govt. Of India. Recruitment for this post is carried out once in every 3-4 years depending upon patent filings and vacancies. Essential qualification before you can even appear for this examination is as follows:

  1. Must be citizen of India
  2. Minimum age requirement is 21 years, and the maximum age is 35 years. The upper age limit is relaxed up to 5 years for Govt. employees, 10 years for candidates belonging to SC/ST categories and up to 3 years in the case of OBC, per the instructions or orders issued by Central Government from time to time.
  3. Must be a graduate in science, technology or engineering stream.

Recruitment process may change time to time as Govt. does not take necessarily take yearly examination since it all depends on patent filings.

But generally, hiring process involves two-stage exams which are objective and conventional. Here also, awareness about this unconventional job is very less, and thus chances of getting selected are high.

Salary & nature of job of Examiner of Patents & Designs

Salary of Examiner of Patents and Design is around 5-6 Lakhs per annum in the entry level.

Mostly, as an Examiner of Patents, you will examine inventions which are from your field of expertise. For example, a Mechanical Engineer may examine invention related to the automobile.

In short, any examiner should be subject matter expert of the invention which they are entrusted to examine.

Trivia: Albert Einstein was once a patent examiner.Click To Tweet

3.    Patent Consultant

A patent consultant is the third unconventional career option which falls into the Patent category. Every big manufacturing firms have their patent consultants whose work is to search world patent database about inventions. These inventions can already exist or novel and patentable.

There are many private institutes which offer short term courses and provides placement as Patent Consultants.


The government is mulling over to increase its part of GDP investment from less than 1% to more than 2% in research and development (R&D) sector. For certain Patent’s field is going to gain a lot of momentum soon.

These days, most of the students focus on exams post-graduation such as GATE or ESE. But the conversion rate is less than 1% as millions of students apply for few hundreds to thousands of jobs.

On the above, most of the jobs offered by any PSUs or Govt. organisations does not require any technical expertise. Your core competency which you acquire in your graduation may go in vain.

So even if you get a job after burning a lot of midnight oil, you will not be satisfied with the quality of the job.


It’s high time for you to think out of the box when it comes to choosing right career option. If there are a plethora of opportunities exist in the current scenario then why go for traditional job options like a bank, UPSC or any other Govt. and private jobs. Be unconventional and choose unexplored career option such as in Patents.

Also read: 4 Differences between Resume and CV

Let me know if you know similar kind of offbeat lucrative career options which may open new doors of success for many graduate professionals. I am very eager to see your suggestions in the comment section below.

Do not forget to share this article with your friends and family on social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, etc.


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