What is a WiFi Hotspot? Tips to Follow Before Connecting to a Free WiFi Hotspot

What is a WiFi hotspot?

Wireless Hotspot or WiFi hotspot is prominently known as a wireless access point (WAP) or wireless local area network (WLAN). It is set up in a public place to provide internet access to all wireless enabled devices ranging from laptops to mobiles to music devices. The functioning of WiFi hotspot is same as the WiFi connection at home. The WiFi access point communicates with all the devices using radio signals. This access point is connected to a server/router that regulates the access. The term is commonly used in major public places like restaurant, coffee shop, library, metro station, airports, and hotels.

All these places could either provide you free WiFi hotspot for a limited time or charge nominal fees on an hourly basis. Some places, such as airports, etc., also ask for login details with a security passkey shared on your personal mobile number. This is done to restrict one session per user for a limited time.


At all such places, internet connection usually starts with a webpage that identifies the WiFi hotspot and lists the terms of use. If the WiFi hotspot network is encrypted or hidden, you need to get the security key and the network name (SSID) information from the hotspot service provider to locate and accurately establish the network connection.

How to Locate wifi hotspots?

The primary requirement is to evaluate if the computer or other smart devices are well equipped with the built-in wireless transmitters or not. If they are not, then you need to purchase a wireless adapter compatible with PC card slot or USB adapters to enable WiFi access.

Regarding the location of the WiFi hotspot, most devices automatically pop a message on detecting an open network and help the device connect to this available network. Alternatively, you click on the WiFi icon to look for WiFi hotspots.

If you go to hotels or restaurants, then usually front desk people can assist you with WiFi hotspot name (SSID) and password (if any).

However, at airports, either you can approach the helpdesk or look for free WiFi hotspot information displayed all over the terminal.

Security issues related to free WiFi hotspots

A free WiFi hotspot could be vulnerable to the data breach, virus attack, spam, phishing, and what not. If you connect to any such compromised wireless network then your personal data, such as username, password, credit card number, etc., might be at risk.

So, you should be very rational about cross verifying the authenticity before joining any network. Almost anyone can set up a malicious hotspot that will record unencrypted data sent through it. A conventional method of doing so is by setting up an “evil twin” somewhere nearer to a legitimate hotspot and give it the same name.

People will accidentally use the evil twin, thinking they are using the legitimate hotspot. Another way attackers can access your personal information is by eavesdropping a legitimate WiFi hotspot.

Here, the hackers can store personal information like account passwords, credit card information, messages, and photos. All these data can be intercepted if they are not encrypted. The three different kind of protection for hotspots with a password is –

  • Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) Password – Least secure
  • WiFi Protected Access (WPA) Password – Some level of security
  • WPA 2 Password- the Highest degree of protection

Precautions to be taken

Are you connecting to a free WiFi hotspot zone? You need to follow below steps –

  1. Refrain yourself from doing any financial transaction on a free wireless network
  2. Do settings on your computer and smart devices so that they do not automatically connect to any free wireless network hotspots
  3. Turn off file access/sharing on your devices
  4. Have a trusted antivirus in the device for contingency in case of any malware or virus attack
  5. Use a Virtual Private Network (VPN) to encrypting all the data flowing on the internet

Mobile Hotspot

You need not wait for walking into a free WiFi hotspot zone anymore. You can create your WiFi hotspot using your 3G and 4G LTE smartphone. After a few quick steps, the phone creates its secure WiFi network, on which any WiFi enabled device can join. There’s no need for a USB cable, and multiple users can share your phone’s mobile data plan.

However, there are a few key things you need to take note of –

  1. Using a mobile hotspot drains your phone battery much faster than usual
  2. Any data consumed by a connected device will be deducted from the main data plan on parent mobile phone, which is also the wireless access point in this case
  3. Avoid disabling hotspot password, as it will give access to all devices and increase your device vulnerability


Nowadays, WiFi hotspots can be seen anywhere. Even there are WiFi enabled cities. You have literally WiFi hotspots everywhere other than conventional places like coffee shops, airports, etc. You might even get WiFi hotspot while you are roaming publically on roads.


WiFi hotspot is a public network and thus opens you to vulnerabilities of hacking, malware and data theft. You need to be alert and aware of inherent risks involved. Use antivirus software, VPN connections, etc. to tighten securities.


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