As the name suggests, Web 2.0 is the second generation of the Web. The term web 2.0 was coined in 2004 and represents the current state of online technology that enables interaction and collaboration. Web 2.0 is a more organised dynamic web, which is an improvement on the first-generation web 1.0, which supported only static content.
Why web 2.0 came into existence when web 1.0 was there?
Web 1.0 was the first version of world wide web (www) revolution. It consisted of different static web pages (interlinked together) hosted on various internet servers. These servers support static web pages containing millions of documents.
These documents are formatted using HTML which is a markup language. Other than text, the web could support hyperlinks, graphics, audio and video files. With static web pages, the role of users was limited to viewing and downloading the content.
Things like social media, such as Facebook, Twitter, etc., was a distant dream. In short, web 1.0 was more focused on information rather than interactive software services. However, web 2.0 allows more collaboration and dynamic content. Here users can add and control the content on the web.
Web 1.0 grew from 1989 until 2001 and then it saw dull phase from 2001 to 2004.
Functionalities of Web 2.0
Social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, etc., have also grown with the advent of web 2.0. These web services are used widely on a regular basis. Social networks have a significant impact on daily life.
They play a prominent role in connecting the world at the same time helping people earn money. Social networks like LinkedIn are widely used to find employers and employees.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
Web apps and cloud computing are rapidly replacing locally installed programs. These days you will find apps for almost everything, be it drawing, writing, storage, programming, etc.
Some of the most common web apps that you might have used include Google Drive, draw.io, Sharelatex. A Widely used software, such as MS Office, Skype, etc., have now launched their web counterparts. These services offer you mobility and collaboration.
Evolvement of Wikis:
Dynamic Web pages such as wikis have grown in use. With the wiki, users can contribute and collaborate content in real life. Some of the wiki-based sites include Wikipedia, Wikibooks, Wikiart, WikiAnswers.
These days, you can also find wiki pages associated with famous books and TV series such as Harry Potter, Game of Thrones, Hobbit, Lord of the Rings, etc.
Mash-Ups are web-pages that allow integration of information from multiple sources. A news feed is an example of a content mash-up. Mash-up pages such as your RSS feed helps you keep information organised and stay updated with topics of your choice.
With the advent of Web2.0, e-commerce websites have become a way of shopping bringing in a lot of revenue. E-commerce websites allow companies to save money on investing in showrooms and at the same time enables more comfort for the consumer.
Amazon is a giant in E-commerce. Most of your favourite retailer has a web counterpart be it Walmart, Macy’s, Sephora, Michaels, etc.
With web services such as multimedia calling, screen sharing, virtual reality calls, Web 2.0 has provided many modes of communication for both business and social purposes.
With US companies having offices in other locations such as India, communication between teams has become more flexible and accessible.
Web services such as Pinterest, Reddit, Quora, Instagram, Tumblr has allowed social sharing and collaboration of content. The content can be as specific as pictures on Instagram and widely distributed as on Reddit.
These web services will enable you to share your creations on social networks as well as connect with like-minded people.
Over to you
I am sure that even web 2.0 would be not enough to cater the growing demands of the user over a period. Rest assured to see next big thing coming up in the internet space in another few years for sure. Till then enjoy the luxury and easiness of web 2.0.