Teething in babies is not always a blissful experience for your baby as well as for you. Babies tend to become irritable, hyperactive and anxious around the time when they start teething. Teething begins at the age of 6 months.

The first teeth to appear in your baby’s mouth are the lower front teeth or mandibular central incisors. The upper front teeth erupt simultaneously around the same age up to 8 months of age.

By the age of one, your baby will get canines and molars will follow a few months after that.

Teething can be as easy as a fall breeze if you follow a diet and maintain good oral hygiene for your baby. If teething gets painful, do see your pediatrician at the earliest for a more conventional approach.

Baby teeth or primary teeth are essential because they give time and space for the permanent teeth to develop and erupt. If you are a parent of a teething baby and having a hard time to cope with the process, dive into the details of the teething algorithm of babies.

What is teething and how does the process work?

Teething is the natural process of tooth eruption in babies. Teething is a significant milestone for your bay. Parents eagerly wait around to see their baby’s first tooth to appear. Accurate teething time shows perfect developmental progress in a baby.

Teething can be easy as a breeze, but in most cases, it involves a screaming wailing toddler trying to put every possible thing he can grab into his mouth.

The baby becomes exceptionally apprehensive during the teething process because of pain and discomfort in the gums.

The teething process begins at the age of six months with the eruption of the lower front teeth. The upper front teeth follow at the age of eight months. Canines and molars erupt around the age of one year. (1)

Signs and symptoms of teething

You can see the following signs and symptoms when your baby starts teething –

  • Pain in the gums around the erupting molar
  • Inflammation of the gums
  • General malaise like fever and flushed face
  • Disturbed sleep due to pain
  • Facial flushing if there is fever
  • Drooling
  • Gum rubbing/biting/sucking
  • Stomach ache and loose stools
  • Loss of appetite

If your child has these symptoms and you don’t see a tooth coming in, immediately call your pediatrician. These symptoms may also be due to a systemic problem when not associated with teething.

The teething schedule

Age of eruption of Incisors

The lower central incisors erupt first when you are only six months old. By the age of 8 months up to the age of 10 months, upper central incisors also erupt in quick succession.

Eventually, you see the lateral incisors erupting by the age of 1 year in babies. Lateral incisors are the two teeth that appear on either side of your central incisors.

Permanent central incisors in the lower jaw erupt at the age of 6 years followed by upper central incisors at the age of 7.

Lateral incisors in both upper and lower jaw erupt simultaneously in both the jaws in babies between 9 to 13 months. The baby teeth fall at the age of 7 years, and all four laterals erupt one after the other between the age of 7 to 9 years. (2)

Age of eruption of Canines

Primary canines erupt in your mouth at the age of 16 to 22 months. Permanent canines erupt at the age of 10 to 12 years.

Age of eruptions of Premolars

Premolars are the first teeth in your mouth that have more than one root. The upper premolars erupt around the age of 10 years, and the 2nd premolar erupts by the age of 12.

For the lower jaw both 1st and 2nd premolar erupt simultaneously between the age of 10 and 11 years. Premolars have no primary predecessors. The premolars replace the first 1st and 2nd molars. (2)

Age of eruption of Molars

The first molars in babies erupt between the age of 13 to 19 months in both upper and lower jaws. They fall by the age of 7 to 8 years to make way for the first premolars.

The 2nd molars in babies appear around the age of 23 to 25 months in both the jaws. These fall out by the age of 9 years to make way for the 2nd premolars.

The permanent 1st molars erupt at the age of 6 to 7 years on both the jaws. The 2nd permanent molars erupt at the age of 10 to 13 years in the upper jaws and 12 to 13 years in lower jaws.

The third molars better known as wisdom teeth appear after the age of 17 years in most adults. In some cases, the third molars do not erupt at all. (3)

How to make teething a blissful experience for your baby and you?

It is difficult to reassure or control a toddler in pain. But with the following minor dietary changes and methods, we can ease out the pain.

Home remedies

The following can be done by you at home to ease your child’s teething discomfort-

  • Give chilled teething rings
  • Frozen fruit and vegetables or sugar-free smoothies help soothe the pain
  • Give chilled pacifiers
  • Reassure your child that the pain will subside in sometime
  • Rub the gums with a chilled spoon
  • Brush around the area with a soft brush and toothpaste

When to see a dentist? Conventional therapy

If your child is too irritable, refuses to eat or sleep to the point where it might have started affecting his health, see a dentist. Many methods exist for teething treatment.

Pain-relief medicines including ibuprofen or acetaminophen dull the pain. The dentist may administer numbing compounds containing topical benzocaine and lignocaine in your child’s gums.

Usually, dentists advise us to use soft bristle toothbrushes with smaller heads for our children. The teething pain eases out by helping your child brush twice daily with this kind of a brush in small circular motion.

Final words

Baby teeth or primary teeth are an essential aspect of adult dentition. Baby teeth give the permanent teeth time to develop and space to erupt in the correct sequence.

Teething schedule is a must know for all parents to judge the delays in developmental milestones in your child if any.

Teething can become a blissful experience if you make a few dietary changes and try to maintain oral hygiene for your baby. Teething rings might help a lot.

If you want a conventional approach, feel free to consult a pediatrician when your baby goes through teething.

Teething begins at the age of 6 months. The first teeth to appear is the lower front teeth or mandibular central incisors.