Yeast Infection in the Throat – Treatment, Prognosis, and Prevention

Overgrowth of Candida species of fungi causes yeast infection in the throat. Candida is present in healthy individuals and is kept in check by our immune system and the good bacteria present in our mouth.

When a person is immuno-compromised, this balance is ruined, and then candida overgrowth gets the opportunity to cause the yeast infection.


In this article, we will discuss conventional treatment and home remedies for yeast infection in throat such as saltwater rinse, gentian violet application, etc.

We will also learn about the prognosis of this condition and determine if it is life-threatening or not.

Home remedies for yeast infection in the throat

In case of a severe yeast infection, you will need the intervention of a physician or dentist. In addition to the prescription medicines, you can also try a few home remedies to help you get relief from the symptoms.

1. Saltwater rinse

Rinse your mouth with salt water to get relief from symptoms of oral thrush. Salt contains antibacterial properties. Salt water rinse will help in alleviating the pain.

You can dissolve half a teaspoon salt in a cup of lukewarm water and swish the solution throughout your mouth before spitting out the solution.

2. Baking soda swish

In case the cause of yeast infection is your dentures, then you can swish your mouth with a baking soda solution.

Instead of salt, mix a half teaspoon of baking soda in a cup of lukewarm water. Swish your mouth and spit out the solution. This solution will help to disinfect your dentures.

3. Yogurt

Yogurt which contains probiotic bacteria can help treat yeast infection.  Probiotics stop the growth of yeast and don’t kill them. If you are having pain due to yeast infection, eating yogurt is easy.

Eat unsweetened yogurt for a few times every day, and if you don’t want to eat yogurt, you can take probiotic supplements instead. (1)

4. Gentian violet

Gentian violet is a synthetic dye, has anti-fungal properties and is a good home remedy for yeast infections.

You can buy the solution without a prescription. Apply the solution to the affected area three times daily. Use a cotton swab to apply the solution.

5. Apple cider vinegar

Old people with dentures get the yeast infection if they don’t clean their dentures daily or if they wear ill-fitting dentures. The antifungal properties of apple cider vinegar can help fight yeast infection.

Add a teaspoon of raw vinegar to a cup of water and swish your mouth for 15 seconds. Spit it out and don’t swallow. You can use the raw cider vinegar directly but may cause burning sensation.

6. Lemon juice

In HIV patients with the yeast infection, lemon juice is more effective than gentian violet. Lemon has antifungal properties. Also, lemon is an antiseptic. Both these factors help to fight against yeast infection.

You can add lemon juice to warm or regular water and rinse your mouth using the mixture or drink the mixture. Applying lemon juice directly on the lesion may cause a burning sensation.

7. Coconut oil

Virgin coconut oil has antifungal properties, and hence nursing mothers apply coconut oil on their nipples and their baby’s mouth to stop the spread of yeast infection.

Conventional treatment for yeast infection in the throat

The treatment of yeast infection depends on the severity of the disease. Also, the cause of the disease will help the doctor to prescribe medicines accordingly. Usually, doctors prescribe antifungal drops, lozenges or tablets.

  • Infants or children
    • Your toddler’s pediatrician will prescribe Nystatin drops if the yeast infection lasts for more than two weeks. Usually, yeast infection resolves on its own in children.
  • Adults
    • Depending on the severity of the infection, your doctor will prescribe
    • Anti-fungal mouth rinse or Clotrimazole lozenges in case of mild yeast infection.
    • Patients who are immunocompromised will require systemic antifungals such as Fluconazole, Itraconazole or Amphotericin B (in case of resistant yeast infection).

Prognosis of yeast infection in the throat

The prognosis of yeast infection depends on your immunity status and the severity of the disease.

Mild yeast infections don’t take much time to heal and usually have a good prognosis. In other cases, yeast infection takes around two weeks to heal after you start taking the medications. Yeast infection may recur if you don’t get proper treatment.

Yeast infection can be life-threatening for people who are immuno-compromised such as a person who has HIV. They may need hospitalization (2) and in the worse situation may die from infection due to Candida overgrowth.

In the case of children, yeast infection goes away in a week or two. In case it doesn’t, do take your child to his pediatrician.

Prevention of yeast infection in the throat

You can prevent yeast infection by eliminating the risk factors. Prevention measures include –

  • Maintaining a good oral hygiene regime.
  • Brush twice daily and floss once regularly.
  • Use a mouth rinse once daily.
  • Visit your dentist every six months for checkups.
  • If you wear dentures, then clean your dentures regularly.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Eat a healthy diet and include probiotics in your food to help maintain the balance between the good and bad bacteria. (3)
  • Limit the use of antibiotics. Take only as many as is prescribed to you by your physician.
  • In case of your child –
    • You should keep his bottles, pacifiers, etc. clean and sterilized.
    • Take care of yourself. If you have a yeast infection in your nipple region, your child may get the same while breastfeeding.

Over to you

In majority cases, yeast infection in the throat is not life-threatening or dangerous. A mix of home remedies and prescription tablets will help you deal with the condition.

If you are a nursing mother, then take care of your overall health, and extra care of your infant’s bottles, pacifiers, etc.


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